Ionizing radiation exposure, such as x-rays or radiation therapy for cancer Smoking Prolonged use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids History of eye inflammation, injury, or surgery Diagnosing and Treating Cataracts Diagnosing cataracts will begin with having a routine ophthalmic exam. Your ophthalmologist can determine if you have cataracts during these tests, which may include: Visual acuity test eye chart Retinal exam: Involves dilating the eyes with special drops to determine the health of your retinas Slit-lamp exam: Magnifies the front portion of the eye to allow detection of abnormalities If your doctor determines that cataracts are present, treatment will depend upon the severity of your vision symptoms.
For mild cataracts, your doctor may take a watchful approach and recommend a reexamination at a later time to evaluate cataract progression. Very mild cataracts typically do not require surgery; only when the cloudy lenses adversely affect quality of life is surgery performed. Having an up-to-date vision prescription and using bright lighting whenever possible will ease cataract symptoms early in the process, however, when vision problems become more noticeable and begin to interfere with daily activities, cataract surgery will be necessary to restore sharp vision.
Cataract Surgery in Adults Cataract surgery is one of the most commonly performed operations worldwide and is considered to be an extremely safe and effective outpatient procedure.
During cataract surgery, your doctor will numb the eye with local anesthesia, remove the cloudy lens of the eye, and replace the lens with a clear artificial lens called an intraocular lens IOL. At Fort Worth Eye Associates, we offer several types of lens implants: Standard implant monofocal lens: Common IOL that corrects vision in one area, usually distance. Vision will be unclouded, however, reading glasses may still need to be worn as they were before cataract development Premium implants accommodative or multifocal lens: Revolutionary new IOL which uses the latest technology in correcting vision after cataract surgery.
Premium implants allow both distance and near vision to be corrected and greatly reduce the need for eyeglasses. Fort Worth Eye Associates offers these premium intraocular lens options: Cataract surgery is typically completed in less than an hour including recovery , after which you are able to return home. After your cataract procedure, someone will need to drive you home and your doctor will supply sunglasses to protect your eyes during the ride.
Postoperative Recovery for Cataract Surgery Postoperative recovery for cataract surgery usually takes just a few days, during which you may experience some mild eye discomfort. You will be given a protective shield for your eye which your doctor will instruct you when to remove and when to replace.
The eye shield is generally used during sleep for several days. Vision may seem blurry when the eye shield is first removed. This distorted vision is normal while your eye becomes accustomed to the intraocular lens. Some patients experience red or bloodshot eyes, which resolves quickly as the eye heals. Clear vision can return within several hours or may take weeks to be completely restored.
While you will probably feel able to return to normal activities shortly after your cataract surgery, you should follow these tips to expedite your recovery: Do not drive on the day of your cataract surgery Be careful not to bump into anything Avoid activities that put pressure on the eye lifting heavy objects, bending down, strenuous activity, sneezing, vomiting Do not rub the eye Avoid eye irritants, such as wind, dust, and smoke Do not swim or use a hot tub the first week after eye surgery After your cataract surgery, your doctor will give you detailed postoperative instructions and answer any questions you may have, and you should feel free to contact our office with questions or concerns any time during your at-home recovery.
A follow-up appointment will be scheduled after your cataract surgery to check on the progress of your healing, which is generally completed within 8 weeks.
If you are experiencing symptoms of cataracts or vision problems of any kind, contact our office for a complete eye evaluation. Our goal at Fort Worth Eye Associates is to achieve the best possible vision results for every patient through the use of advanced technology and by understanding the unique needs of each individual. Achieve the Rejuvenated Look You Desire Without Surgery Injectables and Dermal Fillers Injectables and dermal fillers refers to popular nonsurgical facial cosmetic procedures which reduce wrinkles and fine lines, treat visible signs of aging, and restore youthful appearance.
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