Efforts to prevent violence may focus on: Changing social norms about the acceptability of violence and the willingness to intervene Improving skills and competencies for example, communication, impulse control, parenting, conflict resolution, coping Fostering safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments for children and families Changing policies to address the social and economic conditions that often give rise to violence Emerging Issues in Injury and Violence Prevention While not included as objectives in Healthy People , there are several emerging issues in injury and violence prevention that need further research, analysis, and monitoring.
For unintentional injuries, there is a need to better understand the trends, causes, and prevention strategies for: Prescription drug overdose deaths Motor vehicle crashes due to distracted driving Traumatic Brain Injury In the area of violence, there is a need to better understand the trends, causes, and prevention strategies related to: Bullying, dating violence, and sexual violence among youth Elder maltreatment, particularly with respect to quantifying and understanding the problem Overlapping causes of violence and the strategies that can prevent multiple forms of violence References 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC , National Center for Injury Prevention and Control.
Journal of Safety Research 43 4: Estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs of fatal injuries-United States, Morbidity and mortality weekly report, 64 38 , Estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs of emergency department-treated nonfatal injuries-United States, The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design.
Advancing injury and violence prevention in the United States. Handbook of injury and violence prevention. Chapter 14, Changing the built environment to prevent injury; p. A difference-in-differences analysis of health, safety, and greening vacant urban space. American Journal of Epidemiology, 11 , Changing the social environment to prevent injuries. Chapter 15 in Handbook of injury and violence prevention pp Injury prevention and behavior: Chapter 1 in Injury and violence prevention: Behavioral science theories, methods, and applications pp