History[ edit ] University of Wooster, lithograph, c Founded as The University of Wooster in by Presbyterians , the institution opened its doors in with a faculty of five and a student body of thirty men and four women. Wealthy Wooster citizen Ephraim Quinby donated the first 22 acres 8.
After being founded with the intent to make Wooster open to everyone, the university's first Ph. The first black student, Clarence Allen, began his studies later in the same decade. In the pre-dawn hours of December 11, , a fire destroyed the five-story Old Main building, the centerpiece of the campus. Within two years, it was replaced by several new buildings which after substantial renovations within the last 30 years remain the primary structures for the classes, labs, and faculty offices.
However, the university had gradually begun to define itself as a liberal arts institution and, in , after a bitter dispute between the faculty and the Trustees, chose to become The College of Wooster in order to devote itself entirely to the education of undergraduate students in the liberal arts.
The enrollment of the college is kept intentionally small, around students, to allow for close interaction between faculty and students. The subject had been taught at the college for several decades and defended by then president Charles F.
Bryan called for the General Assembly of the church to cut off funding to the college. But in Wishart defeated Bryan for the position of Moderator of the General Assembly largely on the evolution issue, and the college continued to teach evolution.
The Oak Grove, a pleasant green space near the center of campus, plays host to commencement ceremonies each May. Several of the Grove's trees are older than the college itself, including an eastern black oak near Galpin Hall that dates to , as well as a white oak. Each senior class plants a class tree in the Oak Grove on the day before graduation.
Her term began July 1, Bolton was a dean and physics professor at Williams College. In addition to the programs listed below, students may design their own major with approval from the registrar and the Provost. Some of the pre-professional programs are cooperative ones in which students spend a certain period of time at the College of Wooster before transferring to accelerated courses at other colleges and universities. Independent Study program[ edit ] The College of Wooster also has an Independent Study program, in which all students work one-on-one with a faculty advisor to complete a written thesis or other significant project during the course of the senior year, usually about 50 to pages in length.
The program, begun in by Howard Lowry the college's 7th President , has received attention from other colleges and universities, and a number of other institutions have modeled programs after it. In , the independent study program at Wooster was recognized by US News and World Report as the second best 'senior capstone experience' in the US, behind only Princeton University [ citation needed ].
Wooster ranks 14th in the United States among independent colleges whose graduates earned Ph. Upon completion, a student receives a yellow button saying 'I did it! Beginning in , buttons were given out to indicate the order in which theses had been handed in. Monday, the pipe band strikes up including drums and trumpets,  and with the Provost leading the way, the seniors march through the Kauke Arch in a jubilant parade, described by one professor as a "celebration of both scholarship and survival", ending at Kittredge dining hall, where a celebratory dinner with advisors and college administrators follows.
Andrews Library, the largest library in the system, houses more than , volumes and can accommodate over readers. Gault Library, built as an addition to Andrews Library in , primarily serves as a place for class seniors to work on their Independent Study projects.
The Gault Library contains carrels devoted to Independent Study for every senior student of the humanities and social sciences. The Timken Science Library in Frick Hall , , which is the oldest branch in the system, served as the original academic library for the college from to After three decades as an art museum, the building reopened as the science library in , with substantial funding from the Timken Foundation of Canton, Ohio, and now primarily serves students in the math and sciences departments.
The library provides Independent Study carrels for math and science seniors. CONSORT's membership into OhioLink gives its patrons immediate access to a collection of books, online journals and databases that rivals the largest academic libraries in the country.
The current museum was established at the Ebert Art Center in Morgan Gallery, as well as storage for the college's permanent art collection. The museum's encyclopedic collection spans from ancient to contemporary art. Over a forty-year time span, Wooster sent several former students to serve as Head Resident at Ewing while Ewing faculty were brought to Wooster as Ewing Fellows; a plaque with the names of Ewing Fellows hangs in Babcock Hall.
Today, approximately six percent of the student body is international in origin, representing more than 30 different countries. Fifty-nine percent of Wooster students are from outside of Ohio. It includes four multipurpose sport courts for intramural basketball, volleyball and tennis , a meter indoor track, a new fitness center, batting cages for baseball and softball, expanded locker rooms, coaches' offices and meeting facilities.
The building features submarine-inspired architectural details, like a winding floorplan and porthole windows. Athletics[ edit ] Wooster's athletic history dates back to its first baseball team, in , which played only one game, losing to Kenyon College. The football program was established in ; over its first two seasons, the team won all seven games it played, by a total score of Included was a victory at Ohio State on November 1, , in the Buckeyes' first-ever home football game.
Women's softball was added in , and women's golf in , giving the NCAC its current 23 sports. Wooster fields varsity athletic teams in all 23 of these sports. Scottish heritage[ edit ] Wooster's school colors are black and old gold, and its mascot is the 'Fighting Scot '.
Early Wooster teams were known as the Presbyterians, or unofficially as the 'Presbyterian Steamroller', due to the football team's success. Pettorini has guided the Scots to over 1, victories, placing him in the all-time top ten among D-III baseball coaches, and the winningest active coach as of Prior to Pettorini's tenure, Bob Morgan led the Scots to the NCAA tournament in each of his final five seasons, giving Wooster a total of 25 appearances since the event began in During the first decade of the 21st century, the Scots had a record of , winning more games than any other team in Division III, and were second in winning percentage over that span, trailing only The College of St.
Following his graduation in , All-American second baseman Matthew Johnson signed with the Toronto Blue Jays organization, and played for four seasons in their minor-league system. The team set a school record for victories, with a record of , and reached the national championship game before falling to St. Home games are contested in the 3,seat Timken Gym,  which is often filled to capacity for big games, including the rivalry contest with Wittenberg University and post-season tournaments.
Since , the Scots have been in the top ten in D-III basketball attendance every year, ranking 2nd in some seasons, with over 2, fans per home game. From through , Wooster's record was , making this the most successful era since World War II. In , lights and artificial turf were added to the Scots' 4,seat John Papp stadium.
The first-ever nighttime football game at Wooster was played on October 10, , against Case Western Reserve University , with Case retaining the Baird Brothers Trophy by virtue of a victory over the Scots.
Performing arts[ edit ] Wooster is the home of the Ohio Light Opera , an enterprise founded within the college in , but not part of the college curriculum. It is the only professional company in the United States entirely devoted to operetta [ citation needed ]. Over the years, the Company has produced eighty different operettas. Wooster's performing ensembles include the Wooster Symphony Orchestra, founded in by Daniel Parmelee, then Professor of Violin at the college.
The orchestra currently is the second-oldest orchestra in continuous performance in the state of Ohio. Wooster has an active on-campus pipe band. Officially called the College of Wooster Pipe Band, members perform at many official on-campus events such as commencement, sports games football, basketball, swim meets, and sometimes lacrosse games and many spontaneous student-run events.
During the spring season they perform and compete at a grade 3 level, having won prizes at the Scots wi' Shotts event in Cleveland hosted by the local Lochaber Pipe Band. The College's department of Theatre and Dance produces two dance concerts per year, a fall concert in the round, and a spring concert in a more formal proscenium setting.
Additionally, the college produces at least two plays each academic year. Further plays are produced by student groups and seniors pursuing their Independent Study projects. Wooster's production was one of four shows chosen from a field of approximately entries. Student activities and clubs[ edit ] The College of Wooster has over one hundred student organizations, from the Jenny Investment Club, which allows students to invest real money for the college as they learn about the stock market, to Common Grounds, a student-run coffee shop and house program offering 'an alternative atmosphere to the partying scene' for the college community.
Called clubs and sections, these groups are not affiliated with national Greek organizations, and approximately fifteen percent of the student body participates. The college has a wide variety of student-run media. The Wooster Voice is the weekly student newspaper with a newly launched website, and has been published continuously since see list of college newspapers , while WCWS WOO 91 is the college radio station.
The Goliard is the annual literary magazine. Each year, English professor Daniel Bourne also publishes an international literary magazine called Artful Dodge. Additionally, the English Department has classes every two years on journalism and magazine writing; these students create and publish a newspaper and a magazine respectively. The college also has a successful Ultimate Frisbee program. They attended the National College Championship in and came in 15th place with a 1st place award in spirit.
In , Wooster qualified five teams to the nationals tournament and had teams finish 12th, 16th, and 18th in oral argument, 13th and 14th in oration, and third in appellate brief writing.