Android operating system Several smartphones running Google's Android OS Android is a mobile operating system founded by Andy Rubin , now owned and developed by Google , and backed by an industry consortium known as the Open Handset Alliance. Development groups have used the Android source code to develop and distribute their own modified versions of the operating system, such as CyanogenMod now LineageOS , to add features to the OS and provide newer versions of Android to devices that no longer receive official updates from their vendor.
Gartner Research estimated that million Android smartphones were sold during the fourth quarter of , leading all other platforms. Samsung Electronics , who produces Android devices, was also the top smartphone vendor across all platforms in the same period of time. The iPhone was first unveiled in January The device introduced the use of multi-touch gestures for navigation.
However, the iPhone and iOS have generally been in second place in worldwide market share. Tizen Tizen is a Linux-based operating system for devices, including smartphones, tablets , in-vehicle infotainment IVI devices, smart TVs, laptops and smart cameras. This user interface differentiate Jolla smartphones from others. Services such as BlackBerry Messenger provide the integration of all communications into a single inbox. As of September , there were around 46 million active BlackBerry service subscribers.
Throughout its lifespan, the operating system was available in both touchscreen and non-touchscreen formats. It was supplied with a suite of applications developed with the Microsoft Windows API and was designed to have features and appearance somewhat similar to desktop versions of Windows.
Third parties could develop software for Windows Mobile with no restrictions imposed by Microsoft. Software applications were eventually purchasable from Windows Marketplace for Mobile during the service's brief lifespan. It was the world's most widely used smartphone operating system until Q4 , though the platform never gained popularity in the U. The first Symbian phone, the touchscreen Ericsson R Smartphone, was released in ,   and was the first device marketed as a "smartphone".
With the creation of Symbian Foundation in , Symbian OS was unified under one variant under the stewardship of Nokia. In February , Nokia announced that it would replace Symbian with Windows Phone as the operating system on all of its future smartphones, with the platform being abandoned over the following few years. It was designed to have a complete community-based alternative system for mobile devices, using open standards and HTML5 applications.
Bada The Bada operating system for smartphones was announced by Samsung in November On August 18, , HP announced that webOS hardware was to be discontinued  but would continue to support and update webOS software and develop the webOS ecosystem.
In May , Handspring released the Palm OS Treo smartphone, which did not support Springboard, with both a touchscreen and a full keyboard. The Treo had wireless web browsing, email, calendar, a contact organizer and mobile third-party applications that could be downloaded or synced with a computer.
Before that, Nokia used Maemo on some of its smartphones and internet tablets such as Nokia N and N MeeGo was originally envisioned to power a variety of devices from netbooks, tablets to smartphones and smart TVs. Further models to use Linux such as the Motorola Ming Ai in and several successors to the Ming line would be unveiled through In late , Motorola released the Motorola Cliq ,  the first of Motorola's smartphones to run the Linux-based Android operating system.
Subsequently, Motorola stopped developing phones based on other Linux variants. Windows 10 Mobile[ edit ] Main article: It is closed source and proprietary. It has the third largest installed base on smartphones behind Android and iOS. In January , Microsoft announced that its Windows Phone brand will be phased out and replaced with Windows 10 Mobile, bringing tighter integration and unification with its PC counterpart Windows 10 , and provide a platform for smartphones and tablets with screen sizes under 8 inches.
Windows Mobile smartphone series has had poor adoption, that also led to a decrease in third-party applications, and some vendors ended their support for Windows Mobile altogether. Mobile app A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device such as a smartphone or tablet.
The term "app" is a shortening of the term "software application". List of digital distribution platforms for mobile devices The introduction of Apple's App Store for the iPhone and iPod Touch in July popularized manufacturer-hosted online distribution for third-party applications software and computer programs focused on a single platform. There are a huge variety of apps, including video games , music products and business tools.
Up until that point, smartphone application distribution depended on third-party sources providing applications for multiple platforms, such as GetJar , Handango , Handmark , and PocketGear.
The situation was caused by the maturing China market.