The British Government licensed the BBC through its General Post Office , which had original control of the airwaves because they had been interpreted under law as an extension of the Post Office services.
Today radio broadcasting still makes up a large part of the corporation's output - the title of the BBC's listings magazine, Radio Times , reflects this. John Reith , who had been the founding managing director of the commercial company, became the first Director General.
He expounded firm principles of centralised, all-encompassing radio broadcasting, stressing programming standards and moral tone. These he set out in his autobiography, Broadcast Over Britain , influencing modern ideas of public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform, educate and entertain". The English language service of Radio Luxembourg began in as one of the earliest commercial radio stations broadcasting to Britain and Ireland.
With no possibility of commercial broadcasting available from inside the UK, a former British Royal Air Force captain and entrepreneur and from Conservative Party member of parliament named Leonard F. Plugge set up his own International Broadcasting Company in Because Plugge successfully demonstrated that State monopolies such as that of the BBC could be broken, other parties became attracted to the idea of creating a new commercial radio station specifically for this purpose.
It was an important forerunner of pirate radio and modern commercial radio in the United Kingdom. Empire and the world[ edit ] To provide a different service from the domestic audience the Corporation started the BBC Empire Service on short wave in , originally in English but it soon provided programmes in other languages. By millions were tuning into these commercial operations, and the BBC was rapidly losing its radio listening audience.
The British government reacted by passing the Marine Offences Act , which all but wiped out all of the stations by midnight on 14 August , by banning any British citizen from working for a pirate station. Only Radio Caroline survived, and still continues today though the last original offshore broadcast was in The BBC hired many out-of-work broadcasting staff who had come from the former offshore stations. Kenny Everett was asked for input in how to run the new Pop station due to his popularity with both listeners and fellow presenters.
Though it only ran for a few months prior to Big L's closure, The Perfumed Garden got more fan mail than the rest of the pop DJ's on Radio London put together, so much that staff wondered what to do with it all.
The reason it got so much mail was that it played different music, and was the beginning of the "album rock" genre.
The BBC's more popular stations have encountered pressure from the commercial sector. His role, according to Andrew Harrison, the chief executive of RadioCentre, was "to identify both areas of best practice and possible savings. BBC Radio 5 was launched on 27 August as a home for sport and educational and children's programming, but was replaced by BBC Radio 5 Live , a dedicated news and sport network, on 28 March Available on FM in addition to digital platforms.
Available on FM and on digital platforms. Available on FM and digital platforms. Available between and FM, LW , various medium wave frequencies and on digital platforms. Originally named BBC Radio 7. With quizzes, sitcoms, panel games, satire, stand up, life stories, classics from the archive, science fiction and fantasy BBC Radio 5 Live Sports Extra: BBC Radio 6 Music: Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
These stations focus on local issues to a greater extent than their UK-wide counterparts, organising live phone-in debates about these issues, as well as lighter talk shows with music from different decades of the 20th century.
Compared to the majority of the UK's commercially funded radio stations, which generally broadcast little beyond contemporary popular music, the BBC's "national regional" stations offer a more diverse range of programming.