Yaou Dou Attendees were separated into different rooms. Seven scientists rotate through each room, switching out every seven minutes, giving attendees a glimpse into compelling worlds.
Structural Biology Professor, Stanford Interest: The role of ribonucleic acids in promoting health and fighting disease Highlight: An example of how simple microscopic pictures can lead to wide, societal benefits. Puglisi takes highly detailed pictures of molecules. Right now, the fight against infectious diseases is greatly hampered by rising antibiotic resistance. So, we need to create new antibiotics.
Doing so is like creating a fake set of keys for a very complicated, particular lock. In order to make those keys, we need a detailed picture of that keyhole. By capturing every single microscopic detail of a molecule, we can truly understand the molecule. And when we thoroughly understand the shape of the molecule, we can better understand its function and, therefore, figure out how to interfere with it.
The solution, it seems, is in the details. A story about his first patient death: Initial efforts included drilling into her swollen cranium to give the brain room to breath, thereby preventing brain death.
The patient eventually died; in the following month period, 24 additional patients died. It might seem futile; why prolong a life that is so obviously about to be lost? It comes down to this: All that effort made by surgeons, nurses, and assorted health care professionals might not be to save the life, but to prolong it just enough to give your loved ones a chance to say goodbye.
And that means something. Or, at least, you have to tell yourself that it does. Showcasing how anyone can do fun science projects on the cheap. Things to Google and try!!
To be said in a falsetto voice: It starts with empowering teachers: At first glance, there is nothing particularly impressive about doing easy and cheap science experiments. But then Hogan spoke about its rippling effects: Suddenly, poor students attending neglected public schools can have a chance at looking through a makeshift microscope. By no means should that be a lasting solution, but in this reality, it is better than nothing. This is not just about conducting fun science tricks; this is about equality and social justice, about giving every child an equal opportunity to be awed and inspired.
The origin, evolution, and distribution of life in the solar system Highlight: When the Galileo probe flew by the Jovian moon in the s, scientists noted that Europa had an induced magnetic field, created by its relatively constant interaction with Jupiter; such a field is possible when there is an all-encompassing, low-density substance that has electrical conductivity.
In the solar system, these are some of the prime candidates for discovering life, which Hand predicts not believes! Using statistics as a way of seeing the world in a new light Highlight: How do you use data? Imagine a mathematician or statistician.
What kind of person do you see? Most likely, it is not Williams, an African-American woman working in a field that is dominated by older, white men. So, the takeaway from Williams, surprisingly, is not about statistics or mathematics. The very fact that Williams is such a rare figure in her field, dealing with struggles that very few of us can really understand, speaks volumes about the systematic obstacles that people of color, let alone women, have to surmount.
And so like others before her, Williams reminds the Hollywood community to recognize the power of images. By showcasing more people especially females!
Senior Scientist, Memphis Meats Interest: Science communication with the public; molecular biology Highlight: Meat is protein and protein can be grown in a laboratory. The needle used to give a cow a vaccination has leftover muscle cells that can be used to grow more meat.
Think about the food chain and its decreasing efficiency as we move along it. Plants take in sunlight and water to grow, but they do not convert all of the solar energy they take in, resulting in photosynthetic efficiency of around 10 percent. Moving up the food chain: So by the time a piece of meat reaches our plate, all of the compounding inefficiencies lead to a meal that was environmentally costly to produce.
Compound that with multiple meals per day, per person, and the costs skyrocket. There are talks of increasing gas mileage, shifting to electric cars, recycling, or just encouraging people to turn off their lights. But all of these are incremental changes, with little attention paid to one of the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions: It comes down to individual actions to combat climate change. By rethinking how we produce our meat and accepting its potentially new origins, we can do good for the environment and still be meat-eaters at the same time.
Civic participation, immigration policy, and the politics of race, ethnicity, and immigration in the United States Highlights: There are 42 million immigrants in the United States or about 13 percent of the national population. Around the world, there are million immigrants; so, about one in six immigrants in the world lives in the United States. The facts are interesting and unexpected: In fact, since , more immigrants have come from Asia than Latin America.
The immigrant story is a fundamental part of global society and it will become increasingly prevalent. Unfortunately, that story is constantly misunderstood: So, while immigration can be an emotional and political issue, it is vital to understand that it is a complex, multi-layered story that deserves a proper study of the facts as well as a much-needed dose of humanity. The statements and opinions expressed in this piece are those of the event participants and do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for this event or of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.