The board then hired Donald Quayle to be the first president of NPR with 30 employees and 90 charter member local stations, and studios in Washington, D. NPR was primarily a production and distribution organization until , when it merged with the Association of Public Radio Stations. Morning Edition premiered on November 5, , first hosted by Bob Edwards. After a Congressional investigation and the resignation of NPR's then-president Frank Mankiewicz , the Corporation for Public Broadcasting agreed to lend the network money in order to stave off bankruptcy.
NPR also agreed to turn its satellite service into a cooperative venture the Public Radio Satellite System , making it possible for non-NPR shows to get national distribution. It took NPR approximately three years to pay off the debt. With room for up to 90 employees, it was established to expand its production capabilities, improve its coverage of the western United States , and create a backup production facility capable of keeping NPR on the air in the event of a catastrophe in Washington, D.
This was the largest monetary gift ever to a cultural institution. NPR will use the interest from the bequest to expand its news staff and reduce some member stations' fees. By November of that year, users downloaded NPR and other public radio podcasts 5 million times.
NPR stations reach The grant is meant to begin a project called Impact of Government that was intended to add at least journalists at NPR member radio stations in all 50 states by Member stations are required to be non-commercial or non-commercial educational radio stations; have at least five full-time professional employees; operate for at least 18 hours per day; and not be designed solely to further a religious broadcasting philosophy or be used for classroom distance learning programming.
To oversee the day-to-day operations and prepare its budget, members elect a Board of Directors. Terms are for three years and are staggered such that some stand for election every year. Provide an identifiable daily product which is consistent and reflects the highest standards of broadcast journalism.
Provide extended coverage of public events, issues and ideas, and to acquire and produce special public affairs programs. Acquire and produce cultural programs which can be scheduled individually by stations. Provide access to the intellectual and cultural resources of cities, universities and rural districts through a system of cooperative program development with member public radio stations.
Develop and distribute programs for specific groups adult education , instruction, modular units for local productions which may meet needs of individual regions or groups, but may not have general national relevance.
Establish liaison with foreign broadcasters for a program exchange service.